05 May 2021
SME manufacturing output held flat in the three months to April but is expected to improve markedly in the coming quarter, according to the CBI’s quarterly SME Trends Survey.
The survey of 260 SME manufacturing firms saw optimism grow considerably, at the fastest pace in seven years. Sentiment regarding export prospects continued to fall, although at a much slower pace than that seen over the past year.
The volume of total new orders grew, reflecting a rise in domestic orders, while export orders were flat. Employment numbers also ticked up in the three months to April, for the first time in two years.
Next quarter, output and domestic orders are expected to bounce back, with predictions for output growth at the strongest in the survey’s history (since 1988). However, export orders are set to decline.
Investment intentions for the year ahead are also much improved. In particular, capital expenditure plans for plant and machinery turned positive for the first time since mid-2018 and are now at their strongest on record. Investment plans for training & retraining and product & process innovation also improved considerably, with the latter now at its strongest since October 1996.
However, inflationary pressure appears to be building. Average costs ramped up at the fastest pace in ten years, with domestic and export prices growth also picking up. Costs are set to increase further next quarter, and domestic price growth is expected to improve further.
Rising costs are in part linked to continued shortages of raw materials. The proportion of manufacturers citing materials or components as a factor likely to limit output over the next three months rose to the highest on record. Perhaps linked to this, stock building of raw materials also picked up.
Alpesh Paleja, CBI Lead Economist, said:
“SME manufacturers are poised for strong growth and are sunnier in their outlook, consistent with the overall picture for the economy over Q2.
“But not all is rosy: companies clearly remain under the cosh, with cost pressures mounting and raw materials shortages persisting thanks to COVID-related supply chain disruption.
“As the end of the reopening roadmap hoves into view, manufacturers need clear guidance from Government on the state of play beyond June, so they can plan, prepare and strengthen their supply chains – ensuring they can continue to operate safely and profitably.”
- Output in the three months to April remained flat (-3% from -2% in January). A marked improvement (+36%) is expected in the coming quarter.
- Total new orders grew in the three months to April (+11% from -7% in January). Domestic orders rose (+9% from -6%), while export orders held steady (0% from +10%).
- Manufacturers expect total new orders to improve further over the coming quarter (+21%), with significant growth expected in domestic orders (+23% - strongest expectations for growth since January 2018). Export orders are expected to decline (-13%).
- Numbers employed improved (+6%), rising for the first time in two years, with expectations that headcount will pick up further in the coming quarter (+22%).
- Business sentiment in the quarter to April rebounded (+35% from -8% in January), rising at the fastest pace in seven years. Meanwhile, export optimism continued to decline (-6% from –10%), but at a much slower pace.
- Manufacturers’ investment plans have improved across the board. Investment intentions in buildings stabilised (+2%), marking the strongest outturn since January 2015, while plans for plant & machinery spending improved (+21%) to their strongest on record (since October 1988).
- Average costs grew at the fastest pace since April 2011 (+49% from +32% in January), while domestic price inflation also picked up (+21% - fastest since July 2018). Export prices also rose (+8% from +2% in January).
- Next quarter, cost growth is set to remain strong (+50%), while domestic (+31%) price growth is set to pick up further.
- Concerns around the availability of material/components limiting near-term output (47%) rose to the highest on record.